Some vaccines are optional in contrast to the mandatory vaccines which should be given essentially to all the children of certain age group. Optional vaccines are the vaccines which are not made compulsory by the government, to be administered to each child. Parents can decide on these vaccines after discussing with their doctor. Decision can be made on the basis of high or low prevalence of the disease for which the vaccine is being considered and certain medical conditions which put the child under high risk category. Parents should completely evaluate the benefits versus safety of the vaccine before vaccinating their child.
The mandatory vaccines listed under current Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI) and Universal Immunization Program (UIP) by Govt. Of India are BCG, DPT, OPV, IPV, Measles, Hepatitis B, Hib, Tdap, Rubella, Japanese Encephalitis (JE) in selected states and Rotavirus.
Optional vaccines are Pneumococcal, Hep A, Influenza, Typhoid, Mumps, Chickenpox, Meningococcal and HPV2.